You have just visited your dentist, and unfortunately, he just broke you the news that you need dental implants. What does this mean, and what are they anyway? Well, dental implants are, basically, frames or metal posts that are usually positioned surgically into the jawbone, just under your gums.
However, if you do not understand the various types of dental implants available for you, then it will become a challenge getting what best suits you. Basically, there are three types of dental implants. These are subperiosteal, endosteal and zygomatic. According to the American Dental Association, endosteal is the safest and ultimately most common type of dental implant, followed by subperiosteal. Zygomatic is, however, rarely used, thanks to its complexity.
These are the most common type of dental implants. As much as they can be performed on most patients, they require a complete, healthy jawbone in order for the post to fuse in. They are screw-like placeholder posts that are placed into the jaw that holds the false teeth.
After the procedure, the patient will need a little more to heal. During this time, the implant gets to fuse together, thus creating a stronghold. After this healing period, the false teeth can then be put onto the post in order to fit in with the rest of the teeth.
This type of implants is most suitable for those who do not like the idea of some material being placed on their jawbone. For this type of implant, the subperiosteal implants are placed on top of the bone, but under the gum. This will then be followed by a metal frame being placed under the gum where a post is attached. The gum will then heal with time, thus holding it in place. The poles that result from the gum will then form a good grip for the false teeth.
Notably, this type of implant is best suited for patients that do not have enough jawbone to hold an implant. It also works for those who just do not prefer the cumbersome process of intensive oral surgery that adds bone to the area.
Zygomatic implants are rare, especially considering they are the most complicated. This type of implant is best suited for those who do not have enough jawbone that can comfortably work for endosteal implant. Instead of being placed on the jawbone like the first two types, the implant in this case is placed on the patient’s cheekbone.
However, it is important to note that there are cases when none of the three types of dental implants work for a patient. In such cases, you may need to seek advice from your dentist for other alternative implant techniques. Some of the possible techniques are bone augmentation, ridge expansion and sinus lifts. Others may include 3D imaging, immediate load dental implants, and mini dental implants.
With these types of dental implants at your disposal, then finding your perfect smile should not be a worry. Make a point of visiting a qualified dentist for a professional dental implant whenever needed.